Problem summary

User needs to navigate among a website's main sections while still being able to quickly browse to the subsection of another.

Example

Usage

  • Use when you want the benefits of a normal sidebar menu, but do not have the space to list all options.
  • Use when there are more than 2 main sections on a website each with 2 or more subsections.
  • Use when you have less than 10 main sections
  • Use when you only have two levels to show in the main navigation.

Solution

  • Each headline / section has a panel, which upon clicking can be expanded either vertically or horizontally into showing its subsections. Vertical Accordion menus are the most frequently used.
  • The transition from showing no options of a headline to showing a headline’s list of options can be done either with a page refresh or with a javascript DHTML animation.
  • When one panel is clicked it is expanded, while other panels are collapsed.

Rationale

Accordion menus are often used as a website’s main navigation. In this way, it acts much like Navigation Tabs, as menu items are collapsed when a new panel is clicked. Where the Navigation Tabs are most often used horizontally, Accordion menus are most often used vertically.

Accordion menus can however also function quite well as sub-navigation for a specific section of a website.

This article has been commented 3 times. Join the discussion!

More examples of the Accordion Menu pattern See all 11 example screenshots

3 comments

  • 881d3dbf78b880a6ba441c5243548854

    bingo on May 06, 2008

    too many menus will be trouble and verbose .
    sometimes people will boring

  • 1583f0bd50aa5ff9a04794c6837c1848

    dvir on Jul 21, 2009

    when browsing onoe piece, and then the user wants to go to another, she needs to browse the other section titles on both endings of the accordion (above and under for vertical, and to the left and to the right for the horizontal)
    this problem makes the accordion not suitable for case when the user needs to browse the menu frequently.

  • F67e61c243c090cdb77fa098181acc89

    Adrian on Sep 18, 2014

    This pattern is terrible for on-page searching if the section doesn’t expand when navigated to. See Wikipedia website on a mobile phone

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