Alternate titles: What You See Is What You Get.

Problem summary

The user wants to create content that contains rich media and formatted text but does not the knowledge or time to write HTML.

Example

Usage

  • Use when you want to give the user a clear indication of what their content will look like when it is published. WYSIWYG is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get.
  • Use when the users of a site are not comfortable with formatting text using HTML codes or a markup language such as textile or markdown.
  • Use to lower the barrier of letting your users add formatted content to your site.
  • Use when you want an easy way to integrate media into the formatted content of your site that does not require HTML or any other syntax knowledge.
  • Use when the user is inclined to spend time correcting small details on their content. WYSIWYG allows users to see formatted results as they edit, this increases their confidence and allows for quick and good looking results.
  • Do not use if you want to keep the HTML syntax clean. Many WYSIWYG editors are known to produce bloated and untidy HTML code.
  • Do not use if you want the editor to function in all browsers. WYSIWYG editors rarely support all browsers, and if they do, it is often only the latest releases of the browsers.

Solution

There are many javascript libraries available online that will convert a <textarea/> HTML element into a fully functioning WYSIWYG editor. The editor displays a work area that is both input and the final formatted output. The content is stored as HTML in a database.

Editors can be customized to your user’s needs. You can disable unnecessary functions. You might choose to not allow image inserts, tampering with font color or size – or even force the user to only use a predefined list of CSS classes.

Rationale

WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) was initially introduced in word processors such as WordPerfect and Microsoft Word. It was then a revolutionary way to write documents, where the editor on the screen mimicked the result in print.

Recently, WYSIWYG editors were introduced to forms on the web. Previously, long text was inserted into <textarea/> fields, with no formatting options what-so-ever. WYSIWYG editors now allow the input to mimic what will be seen on screen.

This article has been commented 6 times.

User Interface Design Patterns

6 comments

  • 0f32a7147e4cccd48dca4364182bce71

    Shahar on Feb 07, 2008

    I’d have hoped that the site would do more to promote good usability practice, not just document common techniques.

    Dropdowns for navigation is #1 poor usability design. Getting rid of the ‘Go!’ button is #2.

    A reference for Good techniques and practices would be very useful. A library that doesn’t discriminate between good and bad practice will just compound the interface problems that already exist.

    (apart from that that, this is a very nicely put together site and if the content is chosen carefully would be a great resource)

  • Cf7f577c2515a126540793f9f5da2dd0

    Janko on Mar 26, 2008

    I agree with Sharar. This technique shouldn’t be used. It is in contrast with good UI design best practices.

  • 52b8565b03ce4a6c833dfdc3daf90b88

    Gustav on Mar 28, 2008

    Great, but some links to JS libraries would be useful.

  • 2516c5faea230297ff3732e483b9218b

    Anders Toxboe on Mar 30, 2008

    Gustav: The links are already here. Check the links under “See it in action” in the sidebar.

  • 9c06b4e1ad7431c8be578ea67f925f0d

    Job Search Guy on Mar 02, 2009

    does anyone know how i can remove the text styling when content is pasted into an editor?

  • 0ae047640252e320fc74a198057fbfd0

    Jon Scalet on Mar 02, 2011

    For functionality and overall ease of use the other good options out there are tiny and ckEditor. We actually made the switch to ck because of the poor usability of tiny. Just my $.02 for anyone looking into WYSIWYG editors.

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